San Francisco Eco Districts
This is a good example of:Creating a suite of ecodistrict types within a city to match neighborhoods to ecodistrict programming
Eco-Districts are neighborhood scale public-private partnerships that strengthen the economy and reduce environmental impacts while creating a stronger sense of place and community. San Francisco is also using Eco-district planning to simultaneously meet city and state goals for transportation, energy and water.
- Type 1: The Blank Slate -The Type 1 Eco-District is characterized by a large amount of undeveloped land typically owned by a single property owner. Type 1 Eco-Districts enable horizontal infrastructure development to be implemented in advance of vertical development to help optimize Eco-District goals. This type of Eco-District maximizes efficiencies in the delivery of goods provided by infrastructure through district-scale systems.
- Type 2: The Patchwork Quilt – The Type 2 Eco-District is characterized by its mix of land uses and is comprised of undeveloped, underdeveloped, and developed land owned by different property owners implementing development projects under different timeframes. This type of Eco-District focuses on aligning development time frames to maximize opportunities to meet environmental goals. It also works closely with the community to build on its existing character and to integrate the physical qualities of the area as part of its character.
- Type 3: The Strengthened Neighborhood – The Type 3 Eco-District, in coordination with the Office of Economic and Workforce Development’s Invest in Neighborhoods Initiative, focuses on existing residential neighborhoods and their commercial corridors. Type 3 Eco-Districts are located in parts of the city that are not planned to accommodate growth, but through tactical urbanism can bolster distinctive character and support eco-friendly behavior.
- Type 4: The Industrial Network – The Type 4 Eco-District focuses on creating stronger connections between the city’s production, distribution, and repair (PDR) uses. PDR has been recognized as an important component of the city’s culture, its economic stability, and the retention of its diverse labor force. Aligning these industries so that their operating and distribution systems can work more efficiently is the primary focus of the Type 4 Eco-District.
Current Work Includes
- Urban Forest Master Plan – The Urban Forest plan policies and strategies aims to expand the tree canopy from 13% to 25%, moderating the urban heat island effect. The Plan is based on a Street Tree Census and Street Tree Financing study.
- Green Roof Policy – This effort is underway.
- Food System Policy & Program – This Program requires initial research into San Francisco’s urban food system and the elements required to produce, process, distribute, consume and recycle food and food stuffs. The Program will create a sustainable urban food system that strengthens the local economy and enhances the employment, revenue and health of City residents and businesses.
- Partnership with SF Adapt – SF Adapt is coordinating the City’s response to climate change, beginning with sea level rise (SLR). Initially, SF Adapt will develop capital planning guidelines to integrate climate adaptation into the City’s capital budgeting process, which will reduce or avoid SLR impacts on key public services, infrastructure, or other assets.
Details: The Central Corridor, a Type 2 Patchwork Quilt District, is San Francisco’s first Eco-District. The 24-square-block area is preparing plans and rezoning to accommodate the new Central Subway. The coordinated improvements at the neighborhood scale include greenhouse gas reductions, zero waste, water conservation, water efficiency, water reuse, stormwater management, renewable energy, transportation, and parks.
A Task Force issued a Report on recommendations November 25, 2013. The Task Force found 10 Performance Areas, each with recommendations and implementation strategies.
1. Equitable Development
2. Economic Development
3. Community Building
7. Habitat &Eco-system Function
8.Access & Mobility
9. Health & Well-Being